Participatory Culture

In this lecture I learnt about participatory culture. Participatory culture is a newly defined term that refers to a culture in which the public do not only just act as consumers but also as contributors.

Web 2.0

Web 2.0 is a platform that was created in order to connect devices. The applications within Web 2.0 are continually updated by users, thus making it better and bringing it under a participatory culture – the public are acting as consumers and contributors. This can be seen within websites such as Facebook and YouTube in which the more content uploaded and user contribution the greater the application becomes.


Wiki is a content management system that also falls under participatory culture due to it being a system in which the user contributes to its modification. The fact that it does not have an owner leads to the user defining its structure through collaboration by editing and re-editing posts to provide information in the best possible manner, although this can sometimes be unreliable due to the information being open to edit by anyone. The most famous example would most likely be Wikipedia.

Marshall McLuhan:

Marshall McLuhan had two main media theories and his work was well renowned.

The hot and cool media theory states that different media changes the amount of involvement you have with the medium you are consuming. Hot media can be seen within forms that require little attention or participation on the viewer’s behalf such as a movie where you are just watching what is presented. Whereas, cold media requires more effort and concentration on the viewers behalf to understand the medium that is being presented such as a comic book where you have to follow and identity what is being displayed.

Marshall McLuhan also described Global Village and “Retribalisation” in which the electronic world has reawakened us and in doing so our world through technology is now connected together – turning it into a global village or “participatory culture”.

Creative Commons Licence

A creative commons license allows free distribution of someone’s work so it can be shared or built upon, although the author is still protected in that conditions are set on how their work may be used.

Web Syndication

Web syndication is a way in which website material can be made available to numerous other sites and in turn creates a participatory culture

Free Open Source Software

Free open source software is exactly what it sounds like, software that has been made available for free use. I have used different pieces of free software throughout projects so far such as Inkscape, Brackets, WordPress, phpMyAdmin, Filezilla and many more.


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